Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV23) can prevent pneumococcal disease.
Pneumococcal disease refers to any illness caused by pneumococcal bacteria. These bacteria can cause many types of illnesses, including pneumonia, which is an infection of the lungs. Pneumococcal bacteria are one of the most common causes of pneumonia.
Besides pneumonia, pneumococcal bacteria can also cause:
- Ear infections
- Sinus infections
- Meningitis (infection of the tissue covering the brain and spinal cord)
- Bacteremia (bloodstream infection)
Anyone can get pneumococcal disease, but children under 2 years of age, people with certain medical conditions, adults 65 years or older, and cigarette smokers are at the highest risk.
Most pneumococcal infections are mild. However, some can result in long-term problems, such as brain damage or hearing loss. Meningitis, bacteremia, and pneumonia caused by pneumococcal disease can be fatal.
Side Effects Of Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine
Tell your vaccine provider if the person getting the vaccine:
- Has had an allergic reaction after a previous dose of PPSV23, or has any severe, life-threatening allergies.
- In some cases, your health care provider may decide to postpone PPSV23 vaccination to a future visit.
- People with minor illnesses, such as a cold, maybe vaccinated. People who are moderately or severely ill should usually wait until they recover before getting PPSV23.
Your health care provider can give you more information.
Warnings & Precautions
Redness or pain where the shot is given, feeling tired, fever, or muscle aches can happen after PPSV23.
People sometimes faint after medical procedures, including vaccination. Tell your provider if you feel dizzy or have vision changes or ringing in the ears.
As with any medicine, there is a very remote chance of a vaccine causing a severe allergic reaction, other serious injuries, or death.
Dosage Of Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine
PPSV23 protects against 23 types of bacteria that cause pneumococcal disease.
PPSV23 is recommended for:
- All adults 65 years or older
- Anyone 2 years or older with certain medical conditions that can lead to an increased risk for pneumococcal disease.
- Most people need only one dose of PPSV23. A second dose of PPSV23, and another type of pneumococcal vaccine called PCV13, are recommended for certain high-risk groups. Your health care provider can give you more information.
- People 65 years or older should get a dose of PPSV23 even if they have already gotten one or more doses of the vaccine before they turned 65.
Ask your health care provider. Call your local or state health department.
All information has been provided courtesy of MedLinePlus from the National Library of Medicine and from the FDA.