Overview Of Klippel-Trenaunay Syndrome (KTS)
Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome (KTS) is a rare condition that is typically present at birth. The syndrome often involves port wine stains, excess growth of bones and soft tissue, and varicose veins.
Commonly Associated With
Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber syndrome; KTS; Angio-osteohypertrophy; Hemangiectasia hypertrophicans; Nevus verucosus hypertrophicans; Capillary-lymphatico-venous malformation (CLVM)
Causes Of Klippel-Trenaunay Syndrome (KTS)
Most cases of KTS occur for no clear reason. However, a few cases are thought to be passed down through families (inherited).
Symptoms Of Klippel-Trenaunay Syndrome (KTS)
Symptoms of KTS include:
- Many port wine stains or other blood vessel problems, including dark spots on the skin
- Varicose veins (may be seen in early infancy, but are more likely to be seen later in childhood or adolescence)
- Unstable gait due to limb-length difference (involved limb is longer)
- Bone, vein, or nerve pain
Other possible symptoms:
- Bleeding from the rectum
- Blood in the urine
Exams & Tests
People with Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome may have excessive growth of bones and soft tissue. This occurs most commonly in the legs, but it also may affect the arms, face, head, or internal organs.
Various imaging techniques can be used to find out any change in body structures due to this condition. These also help in deciding the plan of treatment. These may include:
- Endoscopic thermal ablation therapy
- CT scans or CT venography
- Color duplex ultrasonography
- Ultrasound during pregnancy may help in diagnosing the condition.