Overview Of Sarcoid Of Boeck
Sarcoid of Boek is an inflammation within the lungs, eyes, liver, skin, lymph nodes, or potentially other tissue. This is also synonymous with Sarcoidosis.
Commonly Associated With
Causes Of Sarcoid Of Boeck
Sarcoid of Boeck’s cause is generally unknown. However, when a person contracts the disease, tiny clumps of abnormal tissue, known as granulomas, develop in parts of organs within the body. Granulomas are also clusters of immune cells.
Sarcoidosis can affect almost any organ. Though, it most commonly affects the lungs.
Doctors believe certain genes makes it easier to develop sarcoidosis. Things that might trigger this include infections with a virus or bacteria. Contact with dust or chemicals can also trigger sarcoidosis.
Sarcoidosis is generally more discoverable in African Americans and white people with a Scandinavian bloodline. As well as this, more women than men have the disease.
Sarcoidosis is uncommon in young children. However, the disease mostly emerges within the ages of 20 and 40.
As well, a person closely blood related to someone who lives with sarcoidosis is then about 5 times more likely to develop this condition.
Symptoms Of Sarcoid Of Boeck
Having no symptoms is possible for someone who has this condition. When symptoms do occur, though, they can involve about any body part or organ system.
Almost all people affected by sarcoidosis have lung or chest symptoms:
- Dry cough
- Shortness of breath
- Coughing up blood (rare, but serious)
- Chest pain (most often behind the breast bone)
Symptoms of general discomfort may include:
- Joint ache or pain (arthralgia)
- Weight loss
Skin symptoms may include:
- Scars that become raised or inflamed
- Hair loss
- Raised, red, firm skin sores (erythema nodosum). This also most always appears on the front part of the lower legs
Nervous system symptoms may include:
- Weakness on one side of the face
Eye symptoms may include:
- Vision loss
- Discharge from the eye
- Dry eyes
Other symptoms of this disease may include:
- Swelling in the upper part of the abdomen
- Liver disease
- Dry mouth
- Leg swelling, if affecting the heart and lungs
- Abnormal heart rhythm, if affecting the heart
- Fainting spells, affecting the heart
Exams & Tests
A health care provider will perform a physical examination and then ask about any apparent symptoms.
Different imaging tests may help diagnose sarcoidosis:
- Chest x-ray to possibly see the condition affecting lungs, or to also examine larger than normally lymph nodes.
- CT scan of the chest
- Lung gallium scan (rarely done now)
- Imaging tests of the brain and liver
- Echocardiogram or MRI of the heart
- Biopsies are necessary to diagnose this condition. A lung biopsy generally involves a bronchoscope. Biopsies in other body tissues might also be necessary.
Appropriate lab tests that can then determine diagnoses:
- Quantitative immunoglobulins
- Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE)
- Calcium levels (urine, ionized, blood)
- Liver function tests
Sarcoid Of Boeck Treatment
Sarcoidosis symptoms can typically improve without treatment.
If it affects the heart, eyes, nervous system, or lungs, corticosteroids are usually then prescribed fpr further preventative measures. This medicine may also require to be taken for a duration of a year or two.
Medicine that suppress the immune system are sometimes also needed.
In rare cases, people with very severe heart or lung damage may need an organ transplant. This is known as an end-stage disease.
With sarcoidosis affecting the heart, an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) may effectively treat certain heart rhythm problems.