Skin Problems & Treatments

Skin Problems & Treatments
Skin Problems & Treatments

Overview Of Skin Problems & Treatments

Your skin is your body’s largest organ. It has many different functions, including covering and protecting your body. It helps keep germs out. But sometimes the germs can cause a skin infection. This often happens when there is a break, cut, or wound on your skin. It can also happen when your immune system is weakened, because of another disease or medical treatment. Some skin problems cover a small area on the top of your skin and treatments work quickly. Other infections can go deep into your skin or spread to a larger area.

Causes Of Skin Problems & Treatments

Skin infections are caused by different kinds of germs. For example,

Who Is At Risk For Skin Problems & Treatments?

You are at a higher risk for a skin infection if you:

  • Have poor circulation
  • Have diabetes
  • Are older
  • Have an immune system disease, such as HIV/AIDS
  • Have a weakened immune system because of chemotherapy or other medicines that suppress your immune system
  • Have to stay in one position for a long time, such as if you are sick and have to stay in bed for a long time or you are paralyzed
  • Are malnourished
  • Have excessive skin folds, which can happen if you have obesity

What Are The Symptoms Of Skin Infections?

The symptoms and treatments depend on the types of skin problems. Some symptoms that are common to many skin infections include rashes, swelling, redness, pain, pus, and itching.

How Are Skin Infections Diagnosed?

To diagnose a skin infection, health care providers will do a physical exam and ask about your symptoms. You may have lab tests, such as a skin culture. This is a test to identify what type of infection you have, using a sample from your skin. Your provider may take the sample by swabbing or scraping your skin, or removing a small piece of skin (biopsy). Sometimes providers use other tests, such as blood tests.

How Are Skin Infections Treated?

The treatments depend on the type of skin problems and how serious they are. Some infections will go away on their own. When you do need treatment, it may include cream or lotion to put on the skin. Other possible treatments include medicines and a procedure to drain pus.