Uses Of Diclofenac and Misoprostol
The combination of diclofenac and misoprostol is used to relieve the pain, tenderness, swelling, and stiffness caused by osteoarthritis (arthritis caused by a breakdown of the lining of the joints) and rheumatoid arthritis (arthritis caused by swelling of the lining of the joints) in patients who have a high risk of developing stomach ulcers. Diclofenac is in a class of medications called NSAIDs. It works by stopping the body’s production of a substance that causes pain and inflammation. Misoprostol is in a class of medications called prostaglandins. It prevents ulcers caused by diclofenac by protecting the stomach lining and decreasing stomach acid production.
Side Effects Of Diclofenac and Misoprostol
Diclofenac and misoprostol may cause side effects. Tell your doctor if any of these symptoms are severe or do not go away:
- gas or bloating
Some side effects can be serious. If you experience any of the following symptoms or those mentioned in the IMPORTANT WARNING section, call your doctor immediately or get emergency medical help. Do not take any more diclofenac and misoprostol until you speak to your doctor.
- unexplained weight gain
- shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
- swelling in the abdomen, ankles, feet, or legs
- excessive tiredness
- lack of energy
- upset stomach
- loss of appetite
- pain in the upper right part of the stomach
- yellowing of the skin or eyes
- flu-like symptoms
- pale skin
- fast heartbeat
- stiff neck
- sore throat
- muscle pain
- sensitivity to light
- swelling of the eyes, face, lips, tongue, throat, arms, or hands
- difficulty swallowing
- unusual vaginal bleeding
- cloudy, discolored, or bloody urine
- back pain
- difficult or painful urination
Diclofenac and misoprostol may cause other side effects. Call your doctor if you have any unusual problems while taking this medication.
Warnings & Precautions
Before taking diclofenac and misoprostol:
- tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic to diclofenac (Cambia, Flector, Pennsaid, Solaraze, Voltaren XR, Zipsor, Zorvolex), misoprostol (Cytotec), aspirin or other NSAIDs such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) and naproxen (Aleve, Naprosyn); prostaglandins such as alprostadil (Caverject, Edex, Muse), carboprost (Hemabate), dinoprostone (Cervidil, Prepidil, Prostin E2) and mifepristone (Korlym, Mifeprex); any other medications, or any of the inactive ingredients in diclofenac and misoprostol tablets. Ask your pharmacist for a list of the inactive ingredients.
- tell your doctor and pharmacist what prescription and nonprescription medications, vitamins, nutritional supplements, and herbal products you are taking or plan to take. Be sure to mention any of the medications listed in the IMPORTANT WARNING section and any of the following: angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors such as benazepril (Lotensin, in Lotrel), captopril , enalapril (Vasotec, in Vaseretic), fosinopril, lisinopril (in Zestoretic), moexipril (Univasc, in Uniretic), perindopril (Aceon, in Prestalia), quinapril (Accupril, in Quinaretic), ramipril (Altace), and trandolapril (Mavik, in Tarka); angiotensin receptor blockers such as candesartan (Atacand, in Atacand HCT), eprosartan (Teveten), irbesartan (Avapro, in Avalide), losartan (Cozaar, in Hyzaar), olmesartan (Benicar, in Azor, in Benicar HCT, in Tribenzor), telmisartan (Micardis, in Micardis HCT, in Twynsta), and valsartan (in Exforge HCT); antibiotics; beta blockers such as atenolol (Tenormin, in Tenoretic), labetalol (Trandate), metoprolol (Lopressor, Toprol XL, in Dutoprol), nadolol (Corgard, in Corzide), and propranolol (Hemangeol, Inderal, Innopran); cyclosporine (Geograf, Neoral, Sandimmune); digoxin (Lanoxin); diuretics (‘water pills’); insulin and oral medications for diabetes; medications for seizures; methotrexate (Otrexup, Rasuvo, Trexall); lithium (Lithobid); phenobarbital; rifampin (Rifadin, Rimacatane, in Rifamate, in Rifater); tacrolimus (Astagraf, Envarsus XR, Prograf); and voriconazole (Vfend). Your doctor may need to change the doses of your medications or monitor you carefully for side effects. Other medications may interact with diclofenac and misoprostol, so be sure to tell your doctor about all the medications you are taking, even those that do not appear on this list.
- talk to your doctor if you need to take an antacid during your treatment with diclofenac and misoprostol. You should not take antacids that contain magnesium (Mylanta, others). Your doctor may tell you that you can take an antacid that contains aluminum or calcium.
- tell your doctor if you have or have ever had any of the conditions mentioned in the IMPORTANT WARNING section or inflammatory bowel disease (swelling of the lining of the intestine that may cause painful or bloody diarrhea and cramping); asthma, especially if you also have frequent stuffed or runny nose or nasal polyps (swelling of the lining of the nose); lupus (a condition in which the body attacks many of its own tissues and organs, often including the skin, joints, blood, and kidneys); hepatic porphyria (an abnormal increase in the amount of certain natural substances made by the liver); heart failure; liver or kidney disease; or swelling of the hands, feet, ankles, or lower legs.
- tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding.
- if you are having surgery, including dental surgery, tell the doctor or dentist that you are taking diclofenac and misoprostol.
The combination of diclofenac and misoprostol comes as a tablet to take by mouth. It is usually taken with food two to four times a day. To help you remember to take diclofenac and misoprostol, take them at around the same times every day. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand. Take diclofenac and misoprostol combination exactly as directed. Do not take more or less of it or take it more often than prescribed by your doctor.
Swallow the tablets whole; do not split, chew, or crush them. Do not take tablets that are broken or damaged.
Before having any laboratory test, tell your doctor and the laboratory personnel that you are taking diclofenac and misoprostol.
Do not let anyone else take your medication. Ask your pharmacist any questions you have about refilling your prescription.
It is important for you to keep a written list of all of the prescription and nonprescription (over-the-counter) medicines you are taking, as well as any products such as vitamins, minerals, or other dietary supplements. You should bring this list with you each time you visit a doctor or if you are admitted to a hospital. It is also important information to carry with you in case of emergencies.
All information has been provided courtesy of MedLinePlus from the National Library of Medicine and from the FDA.